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ACHIMENES

(ACHIMENES)

 

 

Další z příbuzných afrických fialek, který má hlavní původ ve Střední a Jižní Americe, Peru, Mexiku a na některých ostrovech. Je to rostlina z míst, kde je po určitou dobu v roce výrazné sucho – období, kdy zatahují do podzemních rhizomů a při vrácení vlhkého období opět z těchto podzemních částí vyraší.
Stejně jako kohlerie jsou to jednoleté byliny buď vzpřímené, nebo převislé, porostlé chloupky, ale daleko méně než kohlerie a květy nejsou ochlupené. Květy jsou podobné kohlerii, ale jsou více „zvonkovité" a na rozdíl od kohlerií kvetou i v odstínech modré a fialkové. Listy jsou vejčité, ve všech odstínech zelené. Květy jsou ve všech možných barvách – bílé, žluté, červené, růžové, modré a fialové, byly již dokonce vyšlechtěny oranžovo-žluté s modrým okrajem (Sauline a Hugues Aufray od Serge Saliby), nebo dokonce fantazijní, kdy je na květu fantazijní žíhání odlišnou barvou (podobně jako fialek) – Serge´s Fantasy.
 
 
Pěstování:
 
Podobné jako u kohlerií – umístění spíše polostín, teplo, dobře větratelné (při umístění na balkoně či lodžii zajištěno). Pravidelně zaléváme, nikdy nesmí vyschnout – zasychají a kroutí se listy, pravidelně po vyrašení a během růstu přihnojujeme. Na podzim začínají rostliny zasychat, přestávají kvést. Snížíme zálivku téměř na minimum, poté odřízneme vrchní část rostliny – nenecháváme nic – žádnou část stonku jako u kohlerií, a uložíme do chladna a sucha. Na rozdíl od kohlerií vůbec nezaléváme. Na jaře vysypeme, vybereme rhizomy a zasázíme do čerstvé zeminy (z každé i sebemenší částečky rhizomku vyraší rostlinka, ale samozřejmě silné a velké rostliny rostou z celého rhizomu.) Zaléváme do vyrašení velice mírně, teprve po vyrašení můžeme i mírně přihnojit. Lze také množit vrcholovými řízky, listy a také „rhizomky-propagules“, které někdy vyraší v paždí listů. Také je možno při nedostatku místa rhizomy uchovávat vybrané ze země (stejný postup až k zaschnutí uřezaných rostlin...) poté vysypeme, pečlivě vybereme a očistíme rhizomy, dáme do zipových sáčků s trochou vermikulitu, uzavřeme, označíme!!!! odrůdou  a uložíme např. v krabici do sucha. Občas prohlédneme, ale nerosíme ani nevlhčíme. Na jaře je postup stejný jako při přechování v květníku.
Při množení vrcholovými řízky je velice vhodné sázet rovnou do zeminy, ve vodě často uhnívají a usychají listy. Je dobré řízky zapíchat do zeminy a přetáhnout sáčkem, umístíme na police.
 
  
            RHIZOMY VE VERMIKULITU               OZNAČENÍ SÁČKU                      ZAZIMOVANÉ RHIZOMY
 
 
                                              ODEBRANÉ ŘÍZKY               ŘÍZKY - NASAZENÉ KVĚTY
 

 

  

 JMENNÝ SEZNAM KOLEKCE S POPISEM DLE REGISTRU

(pouze popisy, fotografie jsou v Katalogu - sekce)

(COLECTION - HYBRID´S NAME WITH DATA FROM "REGISTER OF ACHIMENES FROM GESNERIAD SOCIETY) (only data, photographs are in "Catalogue"):

 

admirabilis
( 1982; Wiehler)
 
Medium size white flowers with distinctive heavy tracery of purple lines and dots emerging from throat: midseason on short, fairly upright stems. Many misspellings printed and abbreviations, as „Verschaffelt“. Rejected synonym: „Fancy“ or „Diamond“ or „Sugar Plum“
AMBROISE VERSCHAFFELT
(1855, Regel; A.longiflora var. alba x „Rinzii“)
Medium size white flowers with distinctive heavy tracery of purple lines and dots emerging from throat: midseason on short, fairly upright stems. Many misspellings printed and abbreviations, as „Verschaffelt“. Rejected synonym: „Fancy“ or „Diamond“ or „Sugar Plum“
antirrhina
(1936, c.v.Morton)
Flowers strong. reddish orange, with moderate orange yellow throat. Red dots and lines inside show as brownish marks on the yellow tube, 1 ½“ long. Limb upper segments smaller, usually reflexed. Mexico, damp or wet mountain forest, often on rocks in ravines, 1300-3000 m. An all-yellow form collected by Moore is in some collections but not offered commercially. Other discarded synonyms: Treviana maculata, Achimenes foliosa, A. cardinalis, A. amoena, A. martensiana, Guthnickia foliosa
APRICOTE GLOW
(1980, C.Spaugh)
 
Flowers small (33 mm) coral-pink..fading to orange-salmon center. Red-bronze leaves to 2.2 cm.(Karleen´s Achimenes list – flower has much sheen and substance....leaves red-bronze, height medium (22 cm)
AZUR  
BLUE MOON

(1988, Lawn; India x Fairy Pink)

Medium upright plant growth, stems firm and strong, free flowering. Leaves dark green, serrated, 5 cm long, 3,25 cm wide, petioles 3,25 cm long. Flowers large, 6,75 cm, open single, blue to lilac, white center. Reproducible from seed and cuttings. First US listing noted 1986

BLUE MONARCH
(1998, Lauray cat.)
"Large, trailing. Lavender blue flowers, white throat."
BLUEBERRY RIPPLE  
CALIGULA
(1986, Worley)
 
Large, rich current red flowers....graceful trailing habit
CAMILLE BROZZONI

(1852, Regel)

Gartenflora spelled "Camillo Brozzoni" but most dealers in both centuries followed Van Houtte who wrote in Flore de Serre: obtained in Beschia (Italy) from M.Camille Brozzoni". Upright 8 in. plants, very floriferous, with clusters of up to 12 flowers in leaf axils early in the season. Oblique limh 1 1/4 in. across is strong purple with yellow splotch below the white throat, dotted with red. Elsewhere, foliage green, light red reverse, pink stems. Spelling variations are legion.

CORAL SUNSET  
(1980, IR 80209, C. Spaugh, FL. [R. Brumpton, UK]. 1981, Island Gesneriads cat.)
"Salmon pink (RHS 5213) 37 mm across, blending to orange at cen­ter. Overlapping lobes, yellow spots below the throat. Bronze-red leaves. To 30 cm tall."
COTE D´IVORE  
DAZZLER
(1908, col. Beddome)
 
A. Coccinea – often sent out under the name „Dazzler“. In 1952 and following years, some USA dealers offered „Miniata“ under this rejected name. In 1993-4 Stanley Mossop cat. lsits a different hybrid, described „lilac pink with rust speckles, spectacular eye. 6 cm in diam., 30 cm tall
DELICATESSE  
DIABOLIQUE  
DOT
(1982, Karleen´s Achimenes list)
 
Longiflora type with dark red stalks, light bronze leaves with dark maroon reverse. Flower is 1 5/8“ light lilac with dark lilac lines all around the keyhole....has gold coming out the throat 1/8“, the spots on the gold are separate and vibrant. Lilac line out each lobe and lavender flush where each lobe joins
(FIRST NAME: UNID. 11)
DOUBLE BLUE ROSE
(1993/94, Stanley Mossop cat. [Mossop, 1993].)
"Fully double blue rose blooms. Compact bushy plants. 5 cm diam., 20 cm tall."
DOUBLE PINK ROSE
(1993/4, Mossop)
Fully double pink rose blooms. Compact, bushy plants. 5 cm diam. 20 cm tall
DOUBLE WHITE ROSE
(1993/94, Stanley Mossop cat. [Mossop. 1993].)
"Fully double white rose blooms. Compact, bushy plants. Diam. 5 cm, Ht. 20 cm
ELECTRA
(1990, Karleen's Achimenes list. [Lane].)
"Pink-purple with freckled eye and dark purple freckles all around keyhole, more prominent on bottom three lobes. Faint gold in throat opening. Bronze foliage and maroon reverse. Large."
FEMME FATTALE
(2007, IR071028 Serge Saliba, Romania. ('Caligula' × 'Yellow Queen').)
 Cross made Aug. 10, 2005, planted Dec. 5, 2005 and first flowered July 31, 2006.
Erect, 8 in. tall. Leaves hairy, dark green, 1.8 in. long × 0.3 in. wide, ovate with serrate margin, acute tip and cuneate base. Calyx green, split, 1/2 in. long. Corolla double, salverform, 1 in long × 1.25 in. wide, embossed, blood red with white reverse, emphasized in center of plant.  
 FRITZ MICHELSSEN

(1974, Michelssen)

Sky blue large flowers. Bronze foliage, with red reverse and dark pink sems. Flowers purple blue with white eye, red lavender streak out each, dark lavender around top 3 petals of keyhole

 GLORY
(1980, Brumpton)
Orange-pink flower, 35 mm across, deeper orange at center. Overlapping lobes. Occasional flower 6 petaled. Semi-erect, 28 cm tall
grandiflora ROBERT DRESSLER

(1989, Karleen´s Achim. list)

Karleen´s Achimenes list for a plant previously identified as grandiflora 1903, a Selby Gardens collection in Vera Cruz, Mexico. "Plain green leaves, bluish purpe flowers, large"

GRAPE WINE  
(1980. IR 80215, C. Saugh, FL. [R. Brumpton, UK]. 1981, Island Gesneriads cat.)
"Floriferous, lavender-purple (RHS 72A), the lobes notched, yellow spot on bottom edge of tube opening with brown spots and stripes entering the tube. Erect to 25 cm, self branching."
HARD TO GET  
 HUGUES AUFRAY  
CHARITY  
CHERRY BLOSSOM  
INDIA  
 IONA  
(2008, Kartuz)
Large pale violet blue, similar to „India“
KORALLEN  
LADY IN BLACK  
MAUVE DELIGHT

 1981, Island Gesneriads cat.

No description. Elsewhere "purple." Coderejected

MARIE ANTOINETTE  
OLD ROSE PINK  
(1963, Townsend. English hybrid, 1950's, origin and parentage unrecorded.)
Tall, upright stems with silvery leaves. Flowers large, A. longiflora hybrid, light rose color. Elsewhere, "light pink with silver blue cast, netted light lavender at center, light purple lines on lobes", "deep old rose pink", and "purple".
ORANGE QUEEN  
ORANGE DELIGHT  
(IR80207 [C.E. Spaugh] 1981, Island Gesneriads cat. 'Harveyi' × 'Viola Michelssen'.)
"30 mm (across) orange-pink flower blending to orange center. Small narrow dark green leaves striped burgundy underneath." 1993/94, Stanley Mossop cat., the name appears for his 1990 hybrid, "salmon orange. Light green leaf. Diam. 5 cm, Ht. 14 cm."
PAUL ARNOLD
(1956, Van Tubergen)
Upright on sturdy green or reddish stems to 16 in. with opposite, coarsely toothed leaves, wine red underneath. Many flowers singly, deep purple with white throat, yellow stained, with tiny bright red dots
PENDUCTULATA
(Benth. 1841, Pl. Hartweg 78.)
Stems erect, 0.4-1.0 m tall, green or reddish to purple especially near the nodes. Leaves opposite, nearly equal in a pair, ovate or broadly elliptic, 5.5-13.2 cm long, 3.6-9.8 cm wide, dark green above, below light green. Flowers 1 to several, showy; floral tube 3 mm long; corolla red, scarlet, orange red, or orange or yellow on the underside, red spotted, the tube short-spurred, oblique in the calyx, inside yellow, red spotted, the limb regular, the lobes spreading, red orange or yellow with red lines. Found from southern Mexico to Colombia
PETITE FADETTE  
 PURPLE KING  
(1936, Park)
Originator, introducer, and parentage not recorded but has reseamblances to A. grandiflora and A. longiflora. Very tolerant and widely grown in USA, especially for growing outdoors in southern states. Compact plants to 15 in., with bronzy dark leaves, sometimes wine red underneath. Enormously floriferous, with ruffled flowers over a long season, strong redish purple. Synonyms „Royal Purple“
RAINBOW MULTICOLOR  
 RAINBOW WARRIOR
(1993/4 Mossop)
Very similar to Rainbow Multicolour). Shades slightly different. Diam. 7 cm, tall 40 cm
RAINBOW (MULTICOLOUR) 1993/94, Stanley Mossop cat. [Mossop, 1993].
"Perfect multi coloured. Fantastic show stopper. Versehaffield (sic) eye. Diam. 7 cm, Ht. 40 cm."
RED ANN? unknown - commercial name???
ROSA CHARM  
RED DIAMOND
 
 SAN PAUL  unknown - commercial name???
SAULINE  
SCOOPEY  
 SERGE´S FANTASY
(2007, Saliba; „Elegance“ x „Rainbow Warrior“)
Sterile and reproducible only vegetatively. Compact, erect, self-branching, 8 in. tall. Leaves hairy, drk green, 1,7 in. long x 1,2 in wide, ovate with serrate margin, acute tip and cuneate base. Calys green, split, 0,5 in long. Corolla double, salverform, 1 in. long x 1,25 in. wide, deep purple with white reverse and white fantasy marking on inner part of petals
SERGE SALIBA
(2007, Saliba; „Orange Queen“ x „Yellow Queen“)
Sterile and reproducible only vegetatively. Compact, self-branching, 7 in. tall. Leaves hairy, medium green, 1,7 in. long x 1 in. wide, ovate with settate margin acute tip and cuneate base. Calys split, green 0,5 in. long. Corrola double, salver-form, 1 in. long x 1,25 in. wide, yellow with orange-salmon edges
SHOW-OFF  
SCHNEEWITCHEN  
SILVER WEDDING
(1984, Karleen's Achimenes list.)
"White with bluish yellow eyes. Abundant flowers, self supporting and branching. Medium early. Looks like 'Schneewittchen' to me." Later: "Large."
SKINNERI
(Gordon ex Lindley 1847, Jl. Hort. Soc. London 2:293.)
Erect or ascend­ing, the stems 15-60 cm tall, often reddish; leaf blades broadly ovate to elliptic-ovate, mostly 3-9 cm long, the margins rather coarsely serrate, green above, paler beneath or sometimes reddish. Corolla 3-4 cm long, the tube rose, usually flushed with yellow beneath the throat, tube inside yellowish and only minutely red-dotted near the throat, lobes clear rose to purplish rose. Elsewhere flowers described as "about shape and size of A. grandiflora with large open yellow throat, well spotted with red, the limb purplish red." Material cultivated in the USA resembles the species but is triploid (N=33), possibly a hybrid. Discarded syn. include A. hirsuta Lindley (1843
SNOW PRINCESS  
SNOW SURPRISE  
SNOW WHITE  
STAN´S DELIGHT
(1993/4, Mossop)
The first ever double flowered achimenes. Abundance of double salmon-red flowers that last longer than any other. Cmpact growth, dark green leaves...Early to late season. Diam 3,5 cm, tall 25 cm
SUMMER FESTIVAL
(1993/4, Easterbrook)
Pink with violet rim and lovely striped eye. Diam. 6 cm, tall 15 cm
SUMMER SUNSET
(1974, Easterbrook)
No description. Green leaves, very heavy flowring with ¾ in. flowers of sunset orange-pink with yellow throat
SUNBURST

(1965, Park)

Parentage unrecorded. Later described: Open rumpet flowers, 1 in. across, husky plants 14 in. tall and branch freely". Karleen´s Achimenes List 1980-1: Grows 24 in. tall. Flowers open a dingy urple color fading to pale yellow with deep yellow throat coveredwith tiny red dots, widely spaced. Very floriferous with 1 to 6 flowers on an axillary peduncle.

SWEET AND SOUR  
TAMROSA  
TARANTELLA
(1971, Michelssen)
Salmon red, 1 1/3“ in diam. flowers from April to end of October on erect stems 5 in. tall. Synonyms: „Supercedes“, „Hilda Michelssen“, „Sleeping Beuaty“, „Rumpelstilzchen“ and „Viola Michelssen“.
TETRA KLAUS NEUBNER
TETRA KLAUS NEUBENER“ = TETRA KLAUS NEUBNER = KLAUS NEUBENER
(1985, Michelssen)
Bright violet with a gleam of purple, the eye is yellow with dark purple litle lines, flowers are 6 cm, the plant height is 14 cm...Middle sized dark green foliage...In 1988 listed as "Klaus Nuebener". Also as "Tetra Klaus Neubner"
 
TETRA LACH´S CHARM

(1985, Michelssen)

Salmon flowers with a large brown-red eye. Early and rich-flowering. Blossoms are 5 cm and the plant is 11 cm high. Medium green leaves

 TETRA ORANGE GLOW

 (2008, Kartuz)

Large bright coral-orange, dark foliage

 TETRA ROSAMUNDE
(1985, Karleen´s ach. list)
Light salmon with a bright center and dark spotted eye 5 cm across. Early and rich flowering, height of plants are 12 cm. Blossoms lightly waved...Plants have strong stems needing no support and little dark green foliage
TETRA VERSCHAFFELT
(2001, Kartuz cat.)
"Very large white netted purple."
VIE EN ROSE  
WETTERLOW TRIUMPH
(1957, Wetterlow; a. longiflora hybrid)
Floriferous plant to 12 in. with opposite dark green leaves
2008, Kartuz on-line cat.
"Yellow flowers with red specks in eye."
, bright red undder-neath. Large flowers 1 ½ in. across, 2 in. long, deep violet purple with purplish flush at the center. Limb crinkled or ruffled, slightly concave, with undulant edge. Tube dark orange. Material currently being grown under this name usually described as red-pink or rosy pink. Synonyms: „Wetterflows Triump“, „Wetterlous Triump“, „Westerlous Triump“ or only „Wetterlow“
YELLOW QUEEN
(2008, Kartuz)
Yellow flowers with red in eye
YELLOW JOY
(2008, Kartuz on-line cat.)
"Yellow flowers with red specks in eye."
WEINROT ELFE  
ZIGGY
(1994, Karleen´s ach. list; „Purple King“ seedling)
Undescribed, except „extra large flower

  

 
 
MEZIDRUHOVÍ KŘÍŽENCI:
ACHICODONIA - ACHIMENESxEUCODONIA
ACHIMENANTHA - ACHIMENESxSMITHIANTHA
 
 
 
xACHICODONIA DARK STAR
  xACHIMENANTHA ARIES
xACHIMENANTHA BLUE TINT
xACHIMENANTHA INFERNO
  xACHIMENATHA PINK VIOLET DAWN
 
 

 

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aktualizováno: 22.09.2014 10:28:51