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KOHLERIE

(KOHLERIA)

 

 

 

Kohlerie jsou rostlinami Nového Světa s výskytem v Jižní Americe – Kolumbii, Mexiku, Peru. Rostou v horách i lesích, na vlhkých a mírně stíněných místech, ale i na osluněných nechráněných. Jsou to byliny rostoucí vzpřímeně nebo převisle, do výšky 30-50 cm. Celá rostlina včetně stonků a květů je ochlupena, někdy i v červeném zabarvení. Listy jsou v různých odstínech zelené, s výraznými cévkami, byly již ale vyšlechtěny i pestrolisté odrůdy – např. Texas Rainbow nebo novinka pro rok 2009 Bristol´s Possibly Bronze (šl. Ralph Robinson, USA). Květy jsou velice neobvyklé trubkovitého tvaru, na konci se samostatnými 5 okvětními plátky, které bývají v různých barevných kombinacích, na okvětních plátcích vždy s více či méně výrazným žíháním až tečkováním. V přírodě tyto květy velice často opylují kolibříci, neboť nektar je dosti hluboko v trubce květu.
Bývají také zmatky v pojmenování, neboť např. se těžko rozliší, zda nabízená je k. amabilis např. var. bogotensis nebo var. amabilis, nebo Amabilis Hybrids???
 
Pěstování:
Kohlerie jsou gesnerky, vyžadující přes zimu „klidové období“. Umisťujeme je na mírně osluněná místa s teplotou nejméně 22°C, pokud jsou rostliny aklimatizované (pěstuji na balkoně), snesou i přímé slunce. Zaléváme dostatečně (ale nesmí být neustále přemokřené), také jednou týdně přihnojujeme. Zhruba koncem září začínají rostliny stagnovat v růstu, ztrácí „pěkný“ vzhled – zmírníme zálivku, ale nikdy nenecháme zcela vyschnout (jako např. achimenesy), rostliny sestříhneme (lze použít na vrcholové řízkování), ponecháme několik listů a zbytek stonku a uložíme na chráněné, chladné místo (cca kolem 15°C), občas mírně porosíme nebo opatrně zalijeme. Na jaře ze zeminy vyjmeme kořenový bal, který obsahuje „rhizomy“, očistíme a zasázíme do čerstvé zemní směsi (zemina, vermikulit, perlit). Množíme dělením „velkých a dlouhých“ rhizomů, nebo také vrchlovými řízky, také lze namnožit z listů (ale je to zdlouhavé).

 

VE FOTOGALERII JSOU POUZE TY KOHLERIE, KTERÉ VYKVETLY, V SEZNAMU VEŠKERÉ V MOJÍ KOLEKCI

(IN PHOTOGALERY ARE ONLY KOHLERIAS, WHEN WILL BLOOM; IN KATALOGUE ARE ALL KOHLERIAS FROM MY COLLECTION)

  

 JMENNÝ SEZNAM KOLEKCE S POPISEM DLE REGISTRU

(pouze popisy, fotografie jsou v Katalogu - sekce)

(COLECTION - HYBRID´S NAME WITH DATA FROM "REGISTER OF KOHLERIAS FROM GESNERIAD SOCIETY) (only data, photographs are in "Catalogue"):

 

AMPALLANG
 
 AN´S FACIAL TATTOO  
 AN´S NAGGING MACAW´S  
 BACH

(1990, J.Roberts) 

Medium to tall grower. Dark foliage with red edges. Orange tube. Rose-red lobes with red spots in yellow throat

BELTANE
(1993,F.Batcheller; K. bella x K. digitaliflora)
Tall, red purple tube, yellow-green face. 6-8 flowers per axil, large size. Male fertile. First commercial listing 1987, in Robert´s Gesneriads catalogue 
 BIBBI  
 BIRGITTA  
BLACK DIAMOND  
BLIZZARD´S BING CHERRIES  
BLIZZARD´S LADY IN RED  
BLIZZARD´S PEACHY KEEN  
bogotensis “SILVER (GREY) FEATHER) – viz SILVER FEATHER
 
BRISTOL´S EVIL STORM
(Robinson)
Deep salmon back and upper lobes changing to white, spotted dark rose.  Dark, silver-blushed foliage on a compact, upright, grower.  Constant bloomer
BRISTOL´S IRISH SUMMER
(Robinson)
Light orange-red tube, with darker upper lobes.  Lower petals start as white, then turn yellow as age, spotted and lined in throat with dark red.  Soft, fuzzy, bright green foliage 
BRISTOL´S POSSIBLY BRONZE
(Robinson) 
This won Best in our local show first time it left home!  Bright blooms with orange backs and outer face, yellow throat and inner face, with bright orange spots throughout.  Dark foliage will occasionally show "bronze" coloring.  Nice, compact, grower 
CARNIVAL
(1972. M. Kartuz; K. Longwood x K. bogotensis)
Leaves bright green, darker along the edge. Large flower, red tue red dots on creamy yellow background 
CONNECTICUT BELLE
(1971, C.Clayberg; K. amabilis x K. eriantha)
Compact, starting to bloom at 4-5“ and remaining under 12“ tall. Leaves reaching a size of 5“ long by 3-1/2“ wide, color variable, bright medium yellowish green to dark brownish gren, or medium green with purplish markings. Flowers 1-3 per axil, peduncle very short, with bracts ½“ or less in lenght; pedicels 2-2 ½“ long, holding flowers well out from the foliage. Corolla tube slender, 1“ long, bright red covered with many soft, erect, white hairs, limb flaring, to 1- ¼“ in diam. light red-purple in the upper two lobes tolight pink in the basal lobes, all doted nad lined with dark red-purple. Male sterile. First comercial listing 1972, Kartuz catalogue 
CYBELE
(1989, F.Batcheller; K. longwood x K. lanata)
Growth erect, more compact than most kohlerias. Leaves ovate, thin, dark green, light red on reverse, margin toothed. Flowers small but plentiful, 2 to peduncle. Corolla tubular, 3 cm long, almost a solid colour, claret rose, lobes reflexed, 3 cm wide. First commercial listing 1990, Home-Growth Gesneriads catalogue.
DARK SHADOWS

  (1993, J.Boggan; K. Laura x K. Dark Velvet)

The foliage is very dark and attractive, very similar to that of “Dark Velvet” but on a much more compact plant with larger flowers. The red-spotted red-pink flowers are produced one or two per axil. The foliage is somewhat variable depending on light levels. Male sterile. Fist commercial listing 1993, Coda Gardens catalogue

DONA AMELIA
 
DRAGON BLOOD
(1982, M.Kartuz; hybrid K. eriantha)
Tall grower, dark coppery leaves edged in dark red, very deep red flowers spotted yellow. Male fertile. irst commercial listing 1974,Kartuz catalogue 
EMILY ROBERTS

 (1992, J.Roberts)

Mottler foliage. Delicate pink flowers with darker pink spots. Large flowers of pinkish-red with a deep yellow throat and dark red spots. The medium green foliage has a thin maroon edge. Male steriel. First commercial listing 1989, Home-Grown Gesneriads catalogue

FLASHDANCE   (2001, S.Hvegholm, Sweden; parentage unknown)
Tube rd-orange, botom lobes of the limb are yellow with burgundy spots, upper lobes purple. Insuficient data, coderejected. First commercial listing 1998, M.Algekrans list)
FLORIDA FRECKLES
 
GANYMEDE
(1986, J.Boggan; K. bogotensis x K. villosa)
Compact, tending to trail, dark green leaves with silver iridescence, small solid red flowers with red-spotted yellow throat, tends to be a shy bloomer with 1-2 flowers per leaf axil. No dormant period, seldom produces rhizomes. Male sterile, First commercial listing 1989, Home-Grown Gesneriads catalogue 
GRAY FEATHER (= SILVER FEATHER)
(1984, Village Plants catalogue as K. bogotensis “Grey Feather”)
Robust plant, leaves dark gray-green with lighter veins. Dark red purple upper lobes, lower lobes yellow with red spots. Male sterile. Apparently distributed as a mixture of identical or nearly identical plants, collected from cultivation in Colombia and Ecuador by Hans Wiehler. Sometimes spelled “Grey Feather”, Greyfeather”. Apparently of hybrid origin. Another collection distributed by Selby as K. bogotensis W-2556 is very similar to, if not the same as, these plants. 
GUNILLA I
 
GUNILLA II
 
HCY´S JARDIN DE MONET
 
HEARTLAND´S BLACKBERRY BUTTERFLY
One of our most popular!  Dark, fuzzy, red-backed leaves with very unusual blooms of blackish-maroon spotting on cream-white face.  Very different and well worth growing
hirsuta
(1848, Kunth, Regel)
Medium to tall growing, hairy, leaves opposite or sometimes whorled, pale todark green or coppery above, undersides pale green to purple-red. Flowers one to several per axil, usually without a peduncle but sometimes with a short or long peduncle. Flowers orange to red, strongly tubular, lobes usually small, yellow with red or purple spots. Rejected synonyms: Isoloma hirsutum, Gesneria eriantha, Kohleria eriantha, Gesneria mollis, Gesneria longiflora and numerous additional synonyms 
JESTER
(1982, P.Worley; (K.amabilis x K.Sciadotydaea hybrid)x(K.amabilis x K.eriantha)
Similar in habit to K.Clown Prince” with the same colour pattern, but the colour is deep amethyst violet. Male sterile. First commercial listing 1982, Kartuz catalogue 
KAPO
(1978, F.Batcheller; K. Longwood x K.Sciadotydaea hybrid)
Robust stems to 30 cm but more compact in habit than K.Longwood. Leaves olive green, flowers 4 or more per axil, similar in size and shape o “ongwood, but a darker red purple, tube 5 RP 4/10, lobes 10RP 3/10. Male sterile. First commercial listing 1978, Kartuz catalogue 
KARL LINDBERG
(1999, parents: Sciadotydaea hybrid x unknown)
Plant compact, growing to about 12” (30 cm) tall but blooming much smaller. Leaves medium green without markings, lighter green on the underside, blade to 4” (10 cm) long and 3” wide, petioles to 1” long. Flowers 1-4 or more per axil, peduncle usually absent or very short but soetimes to 1” long. Flower 1 ½” long, tube dark magenta-purple, limb 1 ½” across, all the loes simila, the base color white but nearly obliterated by large deep purple spots which merge together to form almost a solid color. Male sterile. Grown in Sweden under the illegitimate name K. MACRANTHA. Possibly a very old hybrid. Introduced to cultivation in Norht America by Ingrid Lindskog in 1998
LILA GUBBEN
 
LUCKY LUCIFER
(2001, M.Algekrans, Sweden)
Medium green leaves. Red tube, limb light yellow flecked with burgundy. Upper lobes very darkly spotted. Throat yellow with red dots. First commercial listing 1998
LYCHEE TEMPTATION
 
MANCHU
(2001, P.Worley; parentage unknown)
Begins to bloom at 6” tall but probably grows taller. Foliage mottled, similar to that of “Strawberry Fields”. Largest leaf 4” long, 2 ½ ” wide. 2-3 flowers peer leaf axil. Flower 1 ¾ long. 1 ¼ “ across limb; tube red; upper lobes red with small darker red speckles, lower lobes opening yellow, fading to creamy white, outlined in red, with red speckles organized into lines. Male sterile. No commercial listings noted 
MARQUIS DE SADE  (2001, J.Bogan; K. Dark Shadows x K. Sciadotydaea hybrid)
Very dark foliage, rather weak stems, 3-4 flowers per axil, large flowers, limb with deep pink speckles on a white background. Male sterile. Siling of “Prince Albert and “Queen Victoria”. Introduced at 1998 AGGS convention in Chicago. First commercial listing 1999, McKinney´s Glashouse calatogue
MODRON
(1978, F.Batcheller; (K.eriantha x K.amabilis)xK.amabilis)
Medium to tall grower, robust stems, 30 cm or more. Leaves grey-green with red underside. Large flowers, 6 to an axil. Tube red, lobes darker heavily marked with magenta stripes and spots. First commenrcial listing 1978, Kartuz catalogue
MONTE´S FRIENDSHIP
 
MOTHER´S LIPSTICK
(1999, S.Olsson)
Plant to 12” (30 cm) or more in height but will begin to bloom at a smaller size. Leaves dark bronzy green, pale purplish beneath, blade to 5” long and 4” wide on petioles that can vary from 3-5” long. Flowers 4-6 per axil on pedicels 2” long, peduncle varying in length from nearly absent to 1 ½” long. Flower 1” long, corolla tube magenta purple but covered with short orange hairs, limb 1” across, opening greenish-yellow but fading to white, marked with large distinct purple spots. Male sterile. Intdoruced to the United States from Sweden by Ingrid Lindskog in 1998. Parentage unknown, but may be derived from one of the old “Sciadotydaea hybrids”. The dark foliage suggests K.amabilis var. bogotensis may also be in its background. First commercial listing noted 2000 in Kartuz catalogue 
ONAMNAD
 
PELE
(1990, F.Batcheller; K.”Lono”x K.allenii)
Tall, erect growth to 2 ½”, stems 3/8” diameter, red brown. Leaves large, 7” by 4”, deep green, some red on reverse, elliptic, sharp tip, margin crenate, petioles 1 ¼”. Calyx lobes triangular, green, base covered with red brown hairs. Flower tubular, 1 ¾” long, 1 ¼” wide (short wide inflated tube with reflexed lobes); tubes rose bengal, upper lobes solid tyrian purple, lower lobes white spoted with tyrian purple spots. Floriferous, 4-5 flowers per peduncle. First commercial listing noted 1991 in Belisle´s Violet House catalogue
PENDULINA
(1991,Les Violettes Natalia – Natalie Pineault)
Foliage is a deep green on strong upright stems. Very lange maroon flowers spoted white on bottom lobes and rose on upper lobes, white throat w/maroon spots, pendulous peduncles. Originally distributed by Plants n Things. Either an unpublished species name or latinized cultivar name, illegitimate and coderejected in either case
PERIDOT´S COWICHAN 
 
PERIDOT´S NELLIE SLEETH
Large white blooms streaked with large dots of reddish-purple, fuzzy pinkish-purple backs.  Very soft, medium green foliage.  Showy blooms on a taller grower
PERIDOT´S POTLACH
Fuzzy blooms with orange back, bright yellow throat, and yellow face distinctly dotted with dark orange.  Medium-dark foliage with some lighter silver veining in center.  Good bloomer on compact, upright, grower
QUEEN VICTORIA
(2001, J.Boggan; K.”Dark Shadows”x K.”Sciadotydaea hybrid”)
Very dark foliage, large leaves to about 6” long, flowers produced 6 or more flowers per axil on a long peduncle. The flowers open white or pale pink but become deep pink after few days, with darker pink speckling. The stems are rather weak and tend to bend under the weight of the flowers. Male sterile. Sibling of “Marquis de Sade” and “Prince Albert”. Introduced at 1998 AGGS convention in Chicago, Illinois. First commercial listing 2000, Kartuz catalogue
RED RYDER
(1982, P.Worley; K.”Longwood” x K. amabilis)
Compact grower, marbled foaliage. Very large bright red flowers with deeper red spotting. Male sterile. Some misspelled “Red Rider”. First commercial listing 1980, Kartuz catalogue
RINGBOMSKAN
 
ROSEA
 
RUBY RED
 
STRAWBERRY FIELDS
(1982, P.Worley; K. amabilis x K. “Longwood”)
Compact, upright, foliage with dark marbling and silver highlighting, free flowering, tube bright red, lobes heavily spotted and striped with red on a white background. Male sterile. First commercial listing 1980, Kartuz catalogue
SUNNY
(1974, M.Kartuz)
Tall growing, leaves small, medium green; produces few rhizomes. Flowers yellow with pink spots. Male fertile.
SUNSHINE
(1997, K. amabilis hybrid – parents unknown)
The leaves are gray-green with darker green veins, giving them a mottled appearance, pale purple beneath, tha blade to 5” long and 3” wide, on petioles to 1” long. The flowers are produced 4 or more per axil on pedicels 2-3” long, with the peduncle absent or very short. The flower tube is 1” long, coral pink, the limb 1 ¼” across, the lower lobes nearly white on opening but darkening to pink, with many magenta spots, the upper lobes magenta-pink with darker spots. As flowering continues the stem lenghthens to 12” or more and eventually falls over without staking. Male sterile.Bears a strong resemblance to K.”Clytie”. No commercial listings noted. 
TANE
(1978, F.Batcheller; (K.eriantha x K.hirsuta)x K.amabilis)
Medium height, erect stems to 30 cm or more; leaves dark green with reddish reverse and red margins, 10 cm long, 7 cm wide. Large orange-pink flowes with white patches and red spotting, corolla with dark lines, tube 5 cm long, wide limg 3,5 cm in diameter; corolla covered with dense red-orange hairs. Male sterile. First commercial listing 1979, Kartuz catalogue
TEXAS RAINBOWS
 
trianae
(1865, Regel, Hanstein)
Based on Ioloma trianaei – Regel. Tall, shrubby, leaves opposite, edged in red hairs; flowers usually 4 per axil, produced on long axillary peduncles, brightred. Fruit a dry capsule. Distribution: endemic to the Central Cordillera in Colombia
VERSAILLES
 
warszewiczii
 (1865, Regel, Hanstein)
Based on Sciadocaly warszewiczii – Regel.
Tall, floriferous, flowers usually produced on elongate axilliary peduncle with 3-6 flowers; calyx lobes large and reflexed, tube somewhat inflated, scarlet, pink, or lavender, limb yellow to green, spoted with red or purple. Fruit a dry capsule. Distribution: Colombia. This species is quite vrable, especially with respect to flower colour. Collections with a pink tube and greenish limb have long been grown under the name K. digitaliflora, which is now considered synonym. Under both names, K.warszewiczii has been used extensively in hybridizing and is a parent of the “Sciadotydaea hybrids”. Many of the plants now grown as K. warszewiczii hybrids, apparently due to misidentification of “Sciadotydaea hybrids” as the species. Rejected synonyms: Isoloma digitaliflorum, Isoloma warszewiczii, kohleria violacea, Sciadocalyx digitaliflora, Kohleria digitaliflora 
   
   
   
   
   

 

      
 
     
 
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aktualizováno: 22.09.2014 10:28:51